Precise Biblical parallels found in The Silmarillion ~

VALAQUENTA: Exploration of the Spiritual parallels.

"Account of the Valar and Maiar according to the lore of the Eldar.

In the beginning Eru, the One, who in the Elvish tongue is named Iluvatar, made the Ainur of his thought; and they made a great Music before him. In this Music the world was begun; for Iluvatar made visible the song of the Ainur, and they beheld it as a light in the darkness. And many among them became enamoured of its beauty, and of its history which they saw beginning and unfolding as in a vision. Therefore Iluvatar gave to their vision Being, and set it amid the Void, and the secret Fire was sent to burn at the heart of the world; and it was called Ea.

Then those of the Ainur who desired it arose and entered into the World at the beginning of Time; and it was their task to achieve it, and by their labors to fulfil the vision which they had seen. Long they labored in the regions of Ea, which are vast beyond the thought of Elves and Men, until in the time appointed was made Arda, the Kingdom of earth. Then they put on the raiment of earth and descended into it, and dwelt therein.

Of the Valar

The Great among these spirits the Elves name the Valar, the Powers of Arda, and men have often called them gods. The lords of the Valar are seven; and the Valier, the Queens of the Valar, are seven also." (The Silmarillion pg.25)


Here we see Eru, or Iluvatar working in the Creation. This is parallel to the Genesis account of Earths creation. Scripture speaks of the Morning Stars (Angelic beings) singing at the creation. (Job 38:4 7) The song becoming visible is related to the Lord God speaking into being the elements of the universe. It is generally accepted that the speaking voice of God manifested in the material realm. (Genesis 1, Hebrews 11:3)

The Valaquenta account refers to the Void, which is also referred to in the Genesis creation account. The Earth was without form and void A reference to this also appears in Jeremiah 4:23.

The Valar spirits are equal to the angels of God. It appears that men even called them gods at times. Biblically when men saw angels they referred to them as Lord, and claimed to have seen the Lord face to face. Genesis 32:24 30 is one example.


"Manwe and Melkor were brethren in the thought of Iluvatar. The mightiest of those Ainur who came into the world was in his beginning Melkor; but Manwe is dearest to Iluvatar and understands most clearly his purposes. He was appointed to be, in the fullness of time, the first of all Kings: lord of the realm of Arda and ruler of all that dwell therein." (pg.26)


We can see definite parallels between Manwe and Michael the Archangel, Melchizedek, or even Jesus. Melkor parallels Lucifer or Satan. That Melkor was mightiest can be related to the original position of Lucifer in heaven as described in Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28. He was the anointed Cherub that covered Gods throne. He played music; He was perfect in wisdom and beauty, until iniquity was found in him

Michael is called the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people in Daniel 12:1. Melchizedek is described as an immortal being in Hebrews 7:1 3.


"From splendour he fell through arrogance to contempt for all things save himself, a spirit wasteful and pitiless. Understanding he turned to subtlety in perverting his own will all that he would use, until he became a liar without shame." (pg.31)


This rivals Isaiah 14:12 - 20 where Lucifers fall and subsequent casting out of heaven is described in detail. We see that Melkor became a liar without shame just as the Scriptures declare that Satan is the Father of lies. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. (John 8:44)


"He began with the desire of Light, but when he could not possess it for himself alone, he descended through fire and wrath into a great burning, down into Darkness. And Darkness he used most in his evil works upon Arda, and filled it with fear for all living things." - (pg.31)


Just as Lucifer, (Which means Light-Bearer) sought to possess the throne of God and be the light himself, so it appears Melkor did the same. And as did Lucifer/Satan, so Melkor also descended into darkness and burning. He is the spirit of darkness, and uses darkness in his evil works upon earth. We can equate this with the black magicians and sorcerers that perform evil magic.


"Yet so great was the power of his uprising that in ages forgotten he contended with Manwe and all the Valar, and through long years in Arda held dominion over most of the lands of the earth. But he was not alone. For of the Maiar many were drawn to his splendour in the days of his greatness, and remained in that allegiance down into his darkness; and others he corrupted afterwards to his service with lies and treacherous gifts. Dreadful among these spirits were the Valaraukar, the scourges of fire that in Middle-earth were called Balrogs, demons of terror." (pg.31)


Biblical reference to this would be found in Revelation 12, where the Dragon (Satan) and his angels fight against Michael the archangel and his angels. The Maiar that followed Melkor in his rebellion are identical to the angels who followed Lucifer/Satan in his rebellion. His tail drew a third part of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth. Satan, the dragon was subsequently cast out to the Earth along with the rebellious angels who supported him. There Satan became known as The Lord of this World, and the god of this age, thus having dominion over the Earth, at least in the sense of having power over the inhabitants of Earth. Balrogs are representative of demons that torment peoples souls. Its interesting that in the Bible, the name of one of the false gods who the Lords people had to contend with was Baal perhaps there is a parallel in Balrog (Baal-rog)


Ch. 3 Of The Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor:

"Then Varda went forth from the council, and she looked out from the height of Taniquetil, and beheld the darkness of Middle-earth beneath the innumerable stars, faint and far. Then she began a great labour, greatest of all the works of the Valar since their coming into Arda. She took the silver dews from the vats of Telperion, and therewith she made new stars and brighter against the coming of the Firstborn; wherefore she whose name out of the deeps of time and the labours of Ea was Tintalle, the Kindler, was called after by the Elves, Elantari, Queen of the Stars. Carnil and Luinil, Nenar and Lumbar, Alcarinque and Elemmire she wrought in that time, and many other of the ancient stars she gathered together and set as signs in the heavens of Arda: Wilwarin, Telemendil, Soronume, and Anarrima; and Menelmacar with his shining belt, that forebodes the Last Battle that shall be at the end of days. And high in the north as a challenge to Melkor she set the crown of seven mighty stars to swing, Valacirca, the Sickle of the Valar and sign of doom." ~ (pg48)


Here we see a detailed reference to the creation of the stars in the heavens. Just as recorded in Genesis 1:14, the stars are set as signs. Menelmacar appears to be related to Orion, the hunter, with reference to his belt. The seven stars of Valacirca in the north appear to describe the Pleiades, or 7 sisters. The book of Job lists the Pleiades and Orion together: Canst thou bind the sweet influences of the Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion? ~ (Job 38:31)

That these stars also seem to be a sign regarding The last Battle that shall be at the end of days, is yet another Biblical parallel. Jesus spoke of the last days and said one of the signs would be, And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring. ~ (Luke 21:25) We also must conclude that Jesus first coming was accompanied by a star that led the Magi to his house. (Matthew 2:1 10) The Sign of his appearing (The second time) could also be that of a special Star. We know from scripture that Jesus second coming will coincide with the Last Battle that shall be at the end of days. The Bible tells of such a battle in Revelation chapters 19 and 20.


"Many waters flowed down thither from heights in the east, and the first sound that was heard by the Elves was the sound of water flowing, and the sound of water falling over stone. Long they dwelt in their first home by the water under stars, and they walked the Earth in wonder; and they began to make speech and to give names to all things that they perceived. Themselves they named the Quendi, signifying those that speak with voices; for as yet they had met no other living things that spoke or sang." ~ (pg49)


This is a satisfactory parallel to the Genesis account of the original creation of man. We must consider that Adam and Eve were created immortal (Just as Elves were) and only became mortal through their disobedience as recorded in Genesis 3. The Biblical account says God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. ~ (Genesis 2:8) It also mentions a river going out of Eden that is parted into 4 heads in Genesis 2:10 14. We also see that Adam was given the responsibility to name every creature in Genesis 2:19 20, just as the Elves gave names to all things that they perceived.


"But at last the gates of Utumno were broken and the halls unroofed, and Melkor took refuge in the uttermost pit. Then Tulkas stood forth as Champion of the Valar and wrestled with him, and cast him upon his face; and he was bound with the chain Angainor that Aule had wrought, and led captive; and the world had peace for a long age." ~ (pg51)


This passage in the Silmarillion is almost identical to Revelation 20:1 3.

And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.


There have been those who have claimed the writings of J.R. Tolkien are devoid of any reference to religion or Spirituality. This claim cant be farther from the truth! It is obvious Tolkien wrote a creation account that parallels the scriptural creation account in uncanny detail. In fact it tends to draw out some of the deeper truths that may appear to only be implied in the Bible due to its brevity.

I have attempted to keep this brief. There are numerous other parallels in the Silmarillion that could be mentioned. I will briefly mention a couple of them. In QUENTA SILMARILLION, the Beginning of Days (pg44) there is reference to a prayer: "Then Aule cast down his hammer and was glad, and he gave thanks to Iluvatar, saying May Eru bless my work and amend it!"

There is also a reference that appears to parallel the two sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael, who had strife with one another. And they shall be to thee as children and often strife shall arise between thine and mine, the children of my adoption and the children of my choice. We can find a similar reference in Galatians 4:28 31, "now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. Nevertheless, what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. So then brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free."

The Silmarillion, along with the Lord of the Rings trilogy, Book of Lost Tales, and other Tolkien works contain beautiful parallel references to Biblical spiritual truths. Whether Tolkien intended this to be or not is unknown. Nevertheless, their comparative reality prevails throughout his works.

Sapphire ~ Jan 2, 2004

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